UP CLOSE & PERSONAL
In-depth weapon analysis: from small arms to major conventional systems
BOOTS ON THE GROUND
Working in active armed conflicts to track the sources of arms and ammunition
JOINING THE DOTS
Mapping weapon flows on CAR’s iTrace
Global Weapon Reporting System
Weapons documented at the point of use,
tracked through the chains of supply.
WEAPONS OF THE ISLAMIC STATE
A three-year investigation in Iraq and Syria.
This report is the result of more than three years of field investigation into Islamic State supply chains. It presents an analysis of more than 40,000 items recovered from the group between 2014 and 2017. These items encompass weapons, ammunition, and the traceable components and chemical precursors used by the group to manufacture improvised explosive devices.English (9Mb PDF)
SUDANESE STOCKPILES AND REGIONAL WEAPON DIVERSION
An analysis of captured equipment in the possession of the Sudan People’s Liberation Army-North in the Nuba Mountains.English (4Mb PDF)
INVESTIGATING CROSS-BORDER WEAPON TRANSFERS IN THE SAHEL
This report is the product of field investigations conducted over ten months, in eight countries, to reveal sources of weapons for armed groups and Islamist fighters across North and West Africa. It identifies a network of Sahelian trafficking routes stretching as far afield as Syria, Mali and Cote d’Ivoire.English (2Mb PDF)Français (2Mb PDF)
TRACING THE SUPPLY OF COMPONENTS USED IN ISLAMIC STATE IEDs
Evidence from a 20-month investigation in Iraq and Syria
This report examines more than 700 components used by IS forces to manufacture IEDs, identifies their provenance, and traces their chains of custody. The report presents findings from field investigations in Iraq and Syria conducted over a period of 20 months from July 2014.English (6Mb PDF)(846Kb PDF) العربية
NON-STATE ARMED GROUPS IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC
Types and sources of documented arms and ammunition
This report presents preliminary findings from a six-month field investigation from April to September 2014 into weapons used by non-state armed groups in the Central African Republic. It finds military vehicles and ammunition newly-supplied to Séléka rebel forces from Sudan during 2013, and military material from European suppliers originally supplied to Bozizé-era government forces and to other countries.English (3Mb PDF)Français (3Mb PDF)
DISTRIBUTION OF IRANIAN AMMUNITION IN AFRICA
Evidence from a nine-country investigation.
This report documents six years of collaborative investigations into the distribution of Iranian ammunition in Africa. It is the first comprehensive study of Iran’s weapon ‘footprint’ on the continent.
Focusing on nine African states, it identifies Iranian-manufactured ammunition in service with government forces and a variety of non-state entities, including foreign-backed insurgents, rebel forces, Islamist-oriented armed groups, and warring civilian communities.English (4Mb PDF)
REBEL FORCES IN NORTHERN MALI
Documented Weapons, Ammunition, and Related Materiel, April 2012–March 2013
A co-publication with the Small Arms Survey, Geneva, the report documents weapons, ammunition, and related materiel in service with rebel forces in Mali during the 2012–13 conflict.
The report identifies 41 weapon and ammunition types, ranging from small-calibre ammunition to major conventional armaments and military vehicles.English (2Mb PDF)
NEW SUDANESE WEAPONS IN BLUE NILE STATE
This Dispatch provides evidence of ongoing efforts by the Sudanese government to obscure the origin of weapons and ammunition it supplies to its forces and proxy armed groups. It also reveals Sudan’s access to military and commercial supply lines from Iran and European States.English (5Mb PDF)
STANDARDISATION AND QUALITY CONTROL IN ISLAMIC STATE’S MILITARY PRODUCTION
Weapon manufacturing in the east Mosul sector.
This Dispatch is the result of field investigations during the initial phases of the assault on IS forces in eastern Mosul. It provides clear evidence of IS ability to manufacture weapons on an industrial scale, with output running into the tens of thousands.English (6Mb PDF)
MARITIME INTERDICTIONS OF WEAPON SUPPLIES TO SOMALIA AND YEMEN
Deciphering a link to Iran
This Dispatch examines weapons seized from illegal dhow shipments destined for Somalia and Yemen, in February and March 2016.English (4Mb PDF)
WEAPONS AND AMMUNITION AIRDROPPED TO SPLA-iO FORCES IN SOUTH SUDAN
Equipment captured by the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in Jonglei State in November 2014
This Dispatch documents weapons and ammunition supplied by Khartoum and airdropped to SPLA-iO rebel forces in South Sudan in November 2014.English (5Mb PDF)
ISLAMIC STATE WEAPONS IN KOBANE
Analysis of weapons and ammunition captured from Islamic State forces in Kobane.
This Dispatch outlines weapons and ammunition that Kurdish YPG forces captured from Islamic State forces during the siege of Kobane, Syria, September 2014-January 2015.English (5Mb PDF)
ISLAMIC STATE AMMUNITION IN IRAQ AND SYRIA
Analysis of small-calibre ammunition recovered from Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria - October 2014.
This Dispatch from the Field‘s findings derive from a series of Conflict Armament Research (CAR) field investigations conducted in the Kurdish regions of northern Iraq and northern Syria 22 July–15 August 2014.English (2Mb PDF)
ISLAMIC STATE WEAPONS IN IRAQ AND SYRIA
Analysis of weapons and ammunition captured from Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria.
This dispatch outlines preliminary findings from an examination of weapons and ammunition captured from Islamic State (IS) forces in Iraq and Syria between mid-June 2014 and early August 2014.English (2Mb PDF)
Field Guide 1:WARSAW PACT-CALIBRE AMMUNITION QUANTITY TABLES
Tables providing packing weights and quantities of Warsaw Pact-calibre ammunition (from 5.45 mm to 14.5 mm). This field guide facilitates the rapid estimation of illicit ammunition transfer volumes. The tables feature all-up weight (AUW) data and calculations for a variety of modes of transfer, including ISO containers and various aircraft with a history of use in illicit arms transfers.English (348Kb PDF)
Field Guide 2:RUSSIAN MANPADS TECHNOLOGY
An extensive list of man-portable air defence system (MANPADS) component parts and their designations (from SA-7 to SA-24 systems). This field guide provides a succinct, but effective, way to identify system components from their markings and marks applied to packaging. Includes cyrillic designations.English (318Kb PDF)
Field Guide 3:WARSAW PACT-CALIBRE AMMUNITION BOX MARKING
A comprehensive guide to understanding the meaning of marks applied to small-calibre ammunition packaging of Russian, former Soviet and Chinese origins. This field guide also provides information on cartridge headstamping and how it relates to marks applied to packaging (such as factory and year codes).English (796Kb PDF)
Field Guide 4:IDENTIFYING MARKS ON KALASHNIKOV-PATTERN WEAPONS
A guide to identifying marks on Kalashnikov-pattern assault rifles. This field guide provides comprehensive information on the design and positioning of marks applied to more than 30 models of Kalashnikov-pattern weapons from around the world.English (1Mb PDF)
ANATOMY OF A ‘DRONE BOAT’
CAR analysis of a water-bourne improvised explosive device (WBIED) deployed by Houthi forces in Yemen.English (800Kb PDF)
ISLAMIC STATE’S MULTI-ROLE IEDs
Projected grenades used as air-borne improvised explosive devices (ABIEDs)
In the battle of Mosul, Islamic State forces have used commercial drones fitted with specially designed improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Technical variations observed on the devices recovered reconfirm the group’s propensity to field-test and rapidly refine its weapon systems—including exploiting emerging technologies, such as drones.English (2Mb PDF)(2Mb PDF) العربية
IRANIAN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO YEMEN
‘Kamikaze’ drones used by Houthi forces to attack Coalition missile defence systems
CAR investigators uncovered ongoing Iranian technology transfers to Houthi rebels. This Perspective documents the use of UAVs to disable Saudi-led Coalition Patriot missile-defence systems in Yemen, indicating an evolution in advanced asymmetric tactics.English (2Mb PDF)(2Mb PDF) العربية
ISLAMIC STATE’S WEAPONISED DRONES
CAR field investigation teams have documented the content of a drone workshop in Ramadi two weeks after the city was liberated from IS control. Photographic evidence shows the group has been experimenting with armed drones since as early as February 2016.English (2Mb PDF)
INSIDE ISLAMIC STATE’S IMPROVISED WEAPON FACTORIES IN FALLUJAH
CAR field teams entered Fallujah three days after the Iraqi city was liberated from IS control, to discover an IED factory with evidence of industrialised production and bureaucratic organisation of improvised weapons.English (1Mb PDF)
TURKISH FERTILISERS USED IN ISLAMIC STATE IEDs IN IRAQ
An update on CAR’s continued investigation into IS acquisition of nitrate-based fertiliser for the construction of IEDs. In June 2016, in the wake of two car bombings and a CAR report into chemical component provision, Turkey’s Ministry of Agriculture suspended all national sales of the product.English (2Mb PDF)