MINES AND IEDs EMPLOYED BY HOUTHI FORCES ON YEMEN’S WEST COAST

  • West Africa
  • 2018
  • Dispatches

The report provides an extensive overview of landmines and IEDs being employed by Houthi forces on the west coast of Yemen. CAR’s investigations reveal that a significant portion of landmines are improvised and produced, domestically, by Houthi forces.

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DIVERSION DIGEST – ISSUE 1

  • Global
  • 2018
  • Digest

Typology of Diversion

This first edition of CAR’s Diversion Digest presents a statistical analysis of how weapons diversion occurs. It looks at more than a thousand cases where weapons and ammunition have been captured, lost, stolen or otherwise diverted to illicit actors, and considers how the international Arms Trade Treaty might address these main causes of diversion.

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ISLAMIC STATE RECOILLESS LAUNCHER SYSTEMS

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2018
  • Technical

In 2017, Islamic State forces deployed four different models of improvised recoilless launcher well suited for urban warfare. This report studies the features and components of these sophisticated inventions.

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RADIO-CONTROLLED IMPROVISED EXPLOSIVE DEVICES (RCIED)

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2018
  • Perspectives

Iran's latest technological contributions to the war in Yemen

CAR presents comparative findings on explosively formed projectiles (EFPs), camouflaged to resemble natural rocks, documented in Yemen and similar devices documented by field investigation teams elsewhere in the Middle East.

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العبوات الناسفة المتحكم فيها لاسلكياً وعبر الأشعة تحت الحمراء السلبية

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2018
  • Perspectives

آخر المساهمات التكنولوجية الإيرانية في الحرب اليمنية

“تعرض مؤسسة ’أبحاث التسليح أثناء الصراعات‘ (CAR) في هذا التقرير نتائج مقارَنة بين المقذوفات المُكوَّنة انفجارياً (EFPs)– المُموَّهة لتشابه الصخور الطبيعية – التي تم توثيقها في اليمن، وبين أجهزة مشابهة موثقة في مناطق أخرى في الشرق الأوسط من قبل فرق تحقيقات ميدانية”.

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“أسلحة “داعش

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2017
  • Reports

تحقيق مدته ثلاث سنوات في العراق وسوريا

“إن هذا التقرير ثمرة لما يزيد عن ثلاث سنوات من التحقيقات الميدانية في قنوات الإمداد والتوريد التي يتزود منها تنظيم “داعش”. فهذا التقرير يشمل تحليلاً لأكثر من 40 ألف قطعة تم انتشالها من التنظيم بين 2014 و2017، وتشمل هذه القطع أسلحة وذخائر ومكونات يمكن تعقُّبها وسلائف كيميائية سبق أن استخدمهما التنظيم في تصنيع العبوات الناسفة.”

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WEAPONS OF THE ISLAMIC STATE

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2017
  • Reports

A three-year investigation in Iraq and Syria.

This report is the result of more than three years of field investigation into Islamic State supply chains. It presents an analysis of more than 40,000 items recovered from the group between 2014 and 2017. These items encompass weapons, ammunition, and the traceable components and chemical precursors used by the group to manufacture improvised explosive devices.

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«العبوات الناسفة متعددة الأدوار الخاصة بتنظيم «داعش

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2017
  • Perspectives

القنابل المقذوفة المستخدَمة كعبوات ناسفة منقولة جواً

فيمعركةالموصل،استخدمتقواتتنظيم “داعش” طائراتتجاريةبدونطيار(درونات) مزودةبعبوات ناسفة مصمَّمةخصيصاًلهذاالغرض. يُذكر أنالتفاوتاتالتقنيةالملاحظةأثناء معاينةالأجهزةالمنتشَلةتؤكدمنجديدنزوعالتنظيمإلىإجراء اختباراتميدانيةتساعده على تجويد نظمالأسلحة المتوفرة لديه بشكل سريع،بمايشمل ذلك استغلالالتكنولوجياتالناشئةمثلالدرونات.

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ISLAMIC STATE’S MULTI-ROLE IEDs

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2017
  • Perspectives

Projected grenades used as air-borne improvised explosive devices (ABIEDs)

In the battle of Mosul, Islamic State forces have used commercial drones fitted with specially designed improvised explosive devices (IEDs). Technical variations observed on the devices recovered reconfirm the group’s propensity to field-test and rapidly refine its weapon systems—including exploiting emerging technologies, such as drones.

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NEW SUDANESE WEAPONS IN BLUE NILE STATE

  • East Africa
  • 2017
  • Dispatches

This Dispatch provides evidence of ongoing efforts by the Sudanese government to obscure the origin of weapons and ammunition it supplies to its forces and proxy armed groups. It also reveals Sudan’s access to military and commercial supply lines from Iran and European States.

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IRANIAN TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERS TO YEMEN

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2017
  • Perspectives

‘Kamikaze’ drones used by Houthi forces to attack Coalition missile defence systems

CAR investigators uncovered ongoing Iranian technology transfers to Houthi rebels. This Perspective documents the use of UAVs to disable Saudi-led Coalition Patriot missile-defence systems in Yemen, indicating an evolution in advanced asymmetric tactics.

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عمليات نقل التكنولوجيا الإيرانية إلى اليمن

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2017
  • Perspectives

“كشف محققومؤسسة’أبحاث التسليح أثناء الصراعات‘ عن عملياتجاريةلنقل تكنولوجيات إيرانية إلى المتمردين الحوثيين. وهذه الورقةتوثق حالات استخدام طائرات بدون طيار لتعطيل منظومات الدفاع الصاروخي من طراز “باتريوت”التابعة لقوات التحالف بقيادةالسعودية في اليمن، مما يشير إلى تطور في التكتيكاتالحربية غير المتماثلة”.

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STANDARDISATION AND QUALITY CONTROL IN ISLAMIC STATE’S MILITARY PRODUCTION

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2016
  • Dispatches

Weapon manufacturing in the east Mosul sector.

This Dispatch is the result of field investigations during the initial phases of the assault on IS forces in eastern Mosul. It provides clear evidence of IS ability to manufacture weapons on an industrial scale, with output running into the tens of thousands.

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MARITIME INTERDICTIONS OF WEAPON SUPPLIES TO SOMALIA AND YEMEN

  • East Africa
  • 2016
  • Dispatches

Deciphering a link to Iran

This Dispatch examines weapons seized from illegal dhow shipments destined for Somalia and Yemen, in February and March 2016.

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INVESTIGATING CROSS-BORDER WEAPON TRANSFERS IN THE SAHEL

  • North Africa
  • 2016
  • Reports

This report is the product of field investigations conducted over ten months, in eight countries, to reveal sources of weapons for armed groups and Islamist fighters across North and West Africa. It identifies a network of Sahelian trafficking routes stretching as far afield as Syria, Mali and Cote d’Ivoire.

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ENQUÊTE SUR LES TRANSFERTS D’ARMES TRANSFRONTALIERSAU SAHEL

  • North Africa
  • 2016
  • Reports

«Ce rapport est le fruit d’enquêtes de terrain menées pendant plus de dix mois, dans huit pays, afin de révéler les sources d’armement des groupes armés et des combattants islamistes en Afrique du Nord et de l’Ouest. Le rapport identifie un réseau de routes de trafic sahélienqui s’étend jusqu’en Syrie, le Mali et la Côte d’Ivoire».

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ISLAMIC STATE’S WEAPONISED DRONES

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2016
  • Perspectives

CAR field investigation teams have documented the content of a drone workshop in Ramadi two weeks after the city was liberated from IS control. Photographic evidence shows the group has been experimenting with armed drones since as early as February 2016.

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INSIDE ISLAMIC STATE’S IMPROVISED WEAPON FACTORIES IN FALLUJAH

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2016
  • Perspectives

CAR field teams entered Fallujah three days after the Iraqi city was liberated from IS control, to discover an IED factory with evidence of industrialised production and bureaucratic organisation of improvised weapons.

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TURKISH FERTILISERS USED IN ISLAMIC STATE IEDs IN IRAQ

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2016
  • Perspectives

An update on CAR’s continued investigation into IS acquisition of nitrate-based fertiliser for the construction of IEDs. In June 2016, in the wake of two car bombings and a CAR report into chemical component provision, Turkey’s Ministry of Agriculture suspended all national sales of the product.

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تحقيق يقتفي سلسلة توريد المكونات التي يستخدمها “داعش” في تصنيع العبوات الناسفة

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2016
  • Perspectives

أدلة مستخلصة من تحقيق استغرق 20 شهراً في العراق وسوريا

“يستعرض هذا التقرير دراسة فاحصة لما يزيد عن 700 عنصر (قطع ومكونات ومواد) استخدمتها قوات “داعش” في تصنيع العبوات الناسفة،مع تحديد مصادرها واقتفاء سلاسل حيازتها، كما يعرض نتائج التحقيقات الميدانية التي أجريت في العراق وسوريا على مدى 20 شهراً انطلاقاً من يوليو 2014″.

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TRACING THE SUPPLY OF COMPONENTS USED IN ISLAMIC STATE IEDs

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2016
  • Reports

Evidence from a 20-month investigation in Iraq and Syria

This report examines more than 700 components used by IS forces to manufacture IEDs, identifies their provenance, and traces their chains of custody. The report presents findings from field investigations in Iraq and Syria conducted over a period of 20 months from July 2014.

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WEAPONS AND AMMUNITION AIRDROPPED TO SPLA-iO FORCES IN SOUTH SUDAN

  • East Africa
  • 2015
  • Dispatches

Equipment captured by the Sudan People’s Liberation Army in Jonglei State in November 2014

This Dispatch documents weapons and ammunition supplied by Khartoum and airdropped to SPLA-iO rebel forces in South Sudan in November 2014.

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ISLAMIC STATE WEAPONS IN KOBANE

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2015
  • Dispatches

Analysis of weapons and ammunition captured from Islamic State forces in Kobane.

This Dispatch outlines weapons and ammunition that Kurdish YPG forces captured from Islamic State forces during the siege of Kobane, Syria, September 2014-January 2015.

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NON-STATE ARMED GROUPS IN THE CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC

  • Central Africa
  • 2015
  • Reports

Types and sources of documented arms and ammunition

This report presents preliminary findings from a six-month field investigation from April to September 2014 into weapons used by non-state armed groups in the Central African Republic. It finds military vehicles and ammunition newly-supplied to Séléka rebel forces from Sudan during 2013, and military material from European suppliers originally supplied to Bozizé-era government forces and to other countries.

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EDIT GROUPES ARMÉS NON ÉTATIQUES EN RÉPUBLIQUE CENTRAFRICAINE

  • Central Africa
  • 2015
  • Reports

Types et sources d’armes et de munitions identifiées

Ce rapport au sujet des armes aux mains des groupes armées non-étatiques dans la République Centrafricaine reflète les résultats des enquêtes de terrain, menées entre avril et septembre 2014. Ces armes comprennent des vehicules militaires et des munitions de petit calibre, provenant du Soudan, fournissent aux forces de la Séléka pendant 2013. Ils comprennent également du matériel provenant de fournisseurs européens, vraisemblablement livrés, en premier lieu, aux forces gouvernementales sous la présidence de Bozizé ainsi qu’aux autres pays.

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ISLAMIC STATE AMMUNITION IN IRAQ AND SYRIA

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2014
  • Dispatches

Analysis of small-calibre ammunition recovered from Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria - October 2014.

This Dispatch from the Field‘s findings derive from a series of Conflict Armament Research (CAR) field investigations conducted in the Kurdish regions of northern Iraq and northern Syria 22 July–15 August 2014.

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Field Guide 1:WARSAW PACT-CALIBRE AMMUNITION QUANTITY TABLES

  • 2014
  • Guides

Tables providing packing weights and quantities of Warsaw Pact-calibre ammunition (from 5.45 mm to 14.5 mm). This field guide facilitates the rapid estimation of illicit ammunition transfer volumes. The tables feature all-up weight (AUW) data and calculations for a variety of modes of transfer, including ISO containers and various aircraft with a history of use in illicit arms transfers.

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ISLAMIC STATE WEAPONS IN IRAQ AND SYRIA

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2014
  • Dispatches

Analysis of weapons and ammunition captured from Islamic State forces in Iraq and Syria.

This dispatch outlines preliminary findings from an examination of weapons and ammunition captured from Islamic State (IS) forces in Iraq and Syria between mid-June 2014 and early August 2014.

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DISTRIBUTION OF IRANIAN AMMUNITION IN AFRICA

  • Gulf / Middle East
  • 2014
  • Reports

Evidence from a nine-country investigation.

This report documents six years of collaborative investigations into the distribution of Iranian ammunition in Africa. It is the first comprehensive study of Iran’s weapon ‘footprint’ on the continent.

Focusing on nine African states, it identifies Iranian-manufactured ammunition in service with government forces and a variety of non-state entities, including foreign-backed insurgents, rebel forces, Islamist-oriented armed groups, and warring civilian communities.

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Field Guide 2:RUSSIAN MANPADS TECHNOLOGY

  • 2014
  • Guides

An extensive list of man-portable air defence system (MANPADS) component parts and their designations (from SA-7 to SA-24 systems). This field guide provides a succinct, but effective, way to identify system components from their markings and marks applied to packaging. Includes cyrillic designations.

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REBEL FORCES IN NORTHERN MALI

  • West Africa
  • 2014
  • Reports

Documented Weapons, Ammunition, and Related Materiel, April 2012–March 2013

A co-publication with the Small Arms Survey, Geneva, the report documents weapons, ammunition, and related materiel in service with rebel forces in Mali during the 2012–13 conflict.

The report identifies 41 weapon and ammunition types, ranging from small-calibre ammunition to major conventional armaments and military vehicles.

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Field Guide 3:WARSAW PACT-CALIBRE AMMUNITION BOX MARKING

  • 2014
  • Guides

A comprehensive guide to understanding the meaning of marks applied to small-calibre ammunition packaging of Russian, former Soviet and Chinese origins. This field guide also provides information on cartridge headstamping and how it relates to marks applied to packaging (such as factory and year codes).

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Field Guide 4:IDENTIFYING MARKS ON KALASHNIKOV-PATTERN WEAPONS

  • 2014
  • Guides

A guide to identifying marks on Kalashnikov-pattern assault rifles. This field guide provides comprehensive information on the design and positioning of marks applied to more than 30 models of Kalashnikov-pattern weapons from around the world.

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