This report is the product of field investigations conducted over ten months, in eight countries, to reveal sources of weapons for armed groups and Islamist fighters across North and West Africa. It identifies a network of Sahelian trafficking routes stretching as far afield as Syria, Mali and Cote d’Ivoire.
This report documents six years of collaborative investigations into the distribution of Iranian ammunition in Africa. It is the first comprehensive study of Iran’s weapon ‘footprint’ on the continent.
Focusing on nine African states, it identifies Iranian-manufactured ammunition in service with government forces and a variety of non-state entities, including foreign-backed insurgents, rebel forces, Islamist-oriented armed groups, and warring civilian communities.