An analysis of how using customs and shipping records can inform investigations into the diversion of precursor materials used in improvised explosive devices.
For this Technical Report, a CAR field investigation team disassembled a recovered AM-50 anti-materiel rifle and comprehensively documented its component parts. This report provides a technical analysis of each of these components, highlighting key identifying features and yielding new insight into Iran’s weapon manufacturing practices.
As part of the European Union-funded ‘Field Forensic Firearms Exploitation’ (F3E) project, CAR and implementing partner TTE-Europe GmbH are developing innovative solutions to enhance the capability of states to manage and trace SALW, using radio frequency identification (RFID) transponders. This report discusses the research and development activities conducted during 2020.
An analysis of: Conflict Armament Research’s trace response archive; the processes that underpin tracing; and tracing as a tool to combat diversion.
This second edition of CAR’s Diversion Digest analyses a sample of end-user documents in CAR’s archive that relate to actual deliveries of conventional weapons and ammunition. The analysis finds increased risk of illicit arms transfers due to “deeply inconsistent” export certification practices.
This technical report addresses the need for a supply chain security approach to detect and react to cases of diversion of conventional ammunition. Based on CAR’s field data, this report profiles how ammunition is commonly diverted, outlines the limitations in how international arms control instruments address this issue, and details the mutually reinforcing control measures that make up ‘ammunition supply chain security.’
This first edition of CAR’s Diversion Digest presents a statistical analysis of how weapons diversion occurs. It looks at more than a thousand cases where weapons and ammunition have been captured, lost, stolen or otherwise diverted to illicit actors, and considers how the international Arms Trade Treaty might address these main causes of diversion.